Contributed by Dr Vincent Morgan, Jeffrey Lehrberg, and Kristina Pisarik of Bicon Dental Implants
We all have our favorite brands and products that we rely on; however, how many of us believe so strongly in a product that we are willing to dedicate our lives to it? This is the Bicon story.
The Shortest Implant with the Longest History
Dr Morgan’s implant journey began shortly after graduating from dental school in 1970 when he treated a young Irish girl who refused his treatment plan to fabricate two fixed bridges. She held out the hope that one day a dentist would be able to insert two prosthetic posts for her congenitally missing maxillary lateral incisors, but he advised her to abandon this wishful thinking and prepare for bridges instead.
Several weeks after his conversation with the young patient, the dentist with whom Dr Morgan shared his practice lost the last of his posterior maxillary teeth. If he had been a patient rather than a colleague, they would have extracted his remaining anterior teeth and fabricated a denture. However, since he was more than a patient, they decided to purchase two newly marketed Miter titanium blade implants. With no training of any sort and only common sense and logic as their guides, they successfully inserted the two blade implants into his posterior maxilla. Beginner’s luck being what it is, these blade implants remained functional some 20 years later.
Those two successful implants inspired Dr Morgan to become more involved with implant dentistry. His first experience with an implant designed by Thomas Driskell was in the mid-1970s with the Synthodont (Miter) implant. Dr Morgan would encounter another of Dr Driskell’s implants in 1992, and that implant would become the antecedent of all modern Bicon implants.
Thomas Driskell’s Discovery
In 1968, the conflict in Vietnam was beginning to escalate. As a result, Thomas Driskell and his team at the Battelle Memorial Institute in Columbus, Ohio, were tasked by the United States Army to develop a rapid and effective solution for replacing missing teeth in a combat or field situation. Driskell’s initial implant designs were smooth and closely mimicked the structure of mammalian teeth, but since they were not consistently successful, he began testing a variety of designs. He discovered that a bifurcated and grooved or finned design resulted in greater bone-to-implant contact than other designs—including screw-root form (SRF) implants. The finned design, referred to as plateau-root form (PRF), permitted occlusal loads to be transferred onto the bone that infiltrated the space between grooves.
After Battelle, Mr Driskell took his PRF implant design to Miter, where it became the Synthodont implant that Dr Morgan would later use. Mr Driskell revised his design further and created a submergible titanium implant with a removable abutment, the Titanodont (Miter). Subsequently, he formed a company called DB Bioengineering and received premarket notification for the DB Precision Fin Implant System in 1985. This implant had a PRF design, locking-taper implant-abutment interface, sloping shoulder, and—most importantly—no screws. Two years after its entry to the market, DB Bioengineering was sold to Stryker Corporation, and the implant was renamed the Stryker Precision Fin Implant.
The Beginning and Future of Bicon
By 1992, Dr Morgan and his colleagues had placed over 2,500 SRF implants and had become frustrated with their inherent shortcomings. When they were introduced to the Stryker implant, it was a perfect fit. At last, they found what they were looking for—a design characterized by logic and simplicity. They soon became the most experienced clinicians using the Stryker implant; however, even they could not have predicted that 2 years later, in 1994, they would become the owners of the implant.
It all started when Dr Morgan attended a dinner meeting with Stryker’s product manager and discovered that he appeared to lack enthusiasm for the implant. At the advice of a patient who had been the CEO of a publicly traded company, Dr Morgan got into contact with Ron Ellenbass, one of Stryker’s presidents. Mr Ellenbass listened to his concerns and later complimented Dr Morgan for recognizing that the product manager was no longer enthusiastic about their implant. In fact, Stryker had decided to sell their implant line. He knew that whoever purchased it would have to work with Dr Morgan because he was their most knowledgeable user. After asking Mr Ellenbass to consider his patients while he would be cashing in his stock options, they politely ended their conversation. Subsequently, Mr Ellenbass called again and encouraged Dr Morgan to purchase the implant. As improbable as it seemed at the time, he did.
Fortunately, Dr Morgan had an attorney friend who provided the startup capital to purchase the implant. “We were dentists, not businessmen,” Dr Morgan explains. “But we knew firsthand the unmatched clinical capabilities and merits of Thomas Driskell’s implant. We knew the implant itself would make up for and overcome our inexperience and shortcomings, and it turns out that we were correct. We started as dabblers in implantology in a small dental practice; we are now an international medical device company in 90 countries.”
Despite the industry’s preference for screw-retained implants, Bicon continues to thrive with their PRF implants. A professor in Zurich recently greeted Dr Morgan by saying, “I know Bicon is a viable organization, for dead fish cannot swim against the stream. You have been going against the collective beliefs of the profession for decades, and now they are copying your ideas.”
When asked whether we are approaching the ceiling for innovation in implant dentistry, Dr Morgan has this to say: “History tends to mock those who make definitive statements regarding technology or innovation—there is always room for improvement and further innovation. That being said, the Bicon implant is the culmination of almost half a century of innovation and ingenuity. The Bicon implant is currently at a pinnacle; however, we have plans for it to be even better.”
As for the future of Bicon and its implants, Dr Morgan says they will continue looking and moving in the best direction they know: forward.
Vincent J. Morgan, DMD, graduated from the Tufts University School of Dental Medicine in 1970. In 1994, he was part of a group that purchased the Bicon Implant System from Stryker Implants. He currently serves as president of Bicon, LLC and as honorary professor at Tver State Medical University in Tver, Russia. He also leads the prosthetic team at the Implant Dentistry Centre located at the Bicon headquarters in Boston, Massachusetts, where he is responsible in part for the development of many of the restorative techniques of the Bicon Dental Implant System.
Edited by Vincent Morgan
This book is a succinct and accessible compilation of over 30 years of knowledge concerning the Bicon system. It offers not only a history of dental implants and the science of osseointegration but also a vast collection of clinical examples that demonstrate Bicon’s capabilities. Bicon implants provide versatile, reliable treatment for a wide variety of clinical situations; they can successfully be placed in atrophic jaws, in sites that would require extensive bone grafting with longer implants, in tissue that has been compromised by medical conditions, and even in adolescent jaws that are still developing. With its proven track record of success, the Bicon system provides treatment opportunities for the benefit of clinicians, technicians, and patients by offering simple, predictable, and effective techniques. With everything from historical and theoretical origins to detailed step-by-step surgical and restorative guides, this book is a must-read for anyone interested in implantology.
336 pp; 1,800 illus; ©2017; ISBN 978-0-86715-728-4 (B7284); US $192